A Chronological History of the Martial Arts and Combative Sports Bibliography G-M

(rev 01/05)

KRONOS Bibliography (G-M)

Copyright © 2000-2004 Joseph R. Svinth All rights reserved.


Also see Online Resources.

If you find a dead link, please write (Last time all links checked: November 14, 2004.)

If you decide to buy a book that you discovered through this site, how about dropping a few bucks in our Tip Jar?

Gabriel, Richard A. No More Heroes: Madness and Psychiatry in War (New York: Hill and Wang, 1987)

Gaines, Charles, George Butler, and Charles Roman. Yours in Perfect Manhood, Charles Atlas (New York: Fireside Books, 1982)

Galas, S. Matthew. "Setting the Record Straight: The Art of the Sword in Medieval Europe,"

Gallagher, Nancy E. Epidemics in the Regency of Tunis, 1780-1880: A Study in the Social History of Medicine (University of California at Los Angeles: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 1977)

Gallant, Thomas W. "Honor, Masculinity, and Ritual Knife Fighting in Nineteenth-Century Greece," American Historical Review, 105:2, April 2000;

Gallico, Paul. The Golden People (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1965)

Gann, L. H. and Peter Duignan. Burden of Empire (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1967)

----- and Peter Duignan, editors. Colonialism in Africa 1870-1960, volume I (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969)

----- and Peter Duignan. The Rulers of British Africa 1870-1914 (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1978)

Gardner, Martin. The Scientific American Book of Mathematical Puzzles & Diversions (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1959)

Garfield, Simon. The Wrestling (London: Faber and Faber, 1996)

Garrard, Timothy F. "Myth and Metrology: The Early Trans-Saharan Gold Trade," Journal of African History, 23, 1982

Gascoigne, Bamber. The Great Moghuls (New York: Harper & Row, 1971)

-----. World Theatre: An Illustrated History (Boston: Little, Brown, 1968)

Gaur, Albertine. A History of Writing (New York: Cross River Press, 1992)

Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred: The Bourgeois Experience, Victoria to Freud (New York: W. W. Norton, 1993)

Geertz, Clifford. The Religion of Java (Glencoe, IL: Free Press, 1960)

George, Nelson. Buppies, B-Boys, Baps & Bohos: notes on post-soul black culture (New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1992)

Geraghty, Tony. Inside the S.A.S. (New York: Ballantine Books, 1982)

-----. March or Die: A New History of the French Foreign Legion (New York: Facts on File, 1987)

Gewecke, Cliff. "Hawaiian Games: Rich Tradition," Christian Science Monitor, June 24, 1965

Gibbon, Edward. The Portable Gibbon, edited by Dero A. Saunders (New York: Viking, 1981); see also

Gibson, Walter. The Master Magicians: Their Lives and Most Famous Tricks (Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press, 1966)

Gidwitz, Tom. "Telling Time," Archaeology, 54:2, March/April 2001; reprinted at

Gies, Frances. The Knight in History (New York: Harper & Row, 1984)

----- and Joseph Gies. Cathedral, Forge, and Waterwheel: Technology and Invention in the Middle Ages (New York: HarperPerennial, 1995)

-----. Life in a Medieval Castle (New York: Harper Colophon Books, 1974)

Gilbey, John F. Secret Fighting Arts of the World (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1963)

-----. The Way of a Warrior (Richmond, CA: North Atlantic Books, 1992)

-----. Western Boxing and World Wrestling: Story and Practice (Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 1986)

Gilfoyle, Timothy J. City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790-1920 (New York: W. W. Norton, 1992)

Gimbutas, Marija. The Civilization of the Goddess: The World of Old Europe (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1991)

Ginn, Victoria. The Spirited Earth: Dance, Myth, and Ritual from South Asia to the South Pacific (New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1990)

Giovinazzo, Vincent J., Lawrence A. Yannuzzi, John A. Sorenson, Daniel J. Delrowe, Edwin A. Cambell. "The Ocular Complications of Boxing," Opthamology, 94:6, June 1987

Girouard, Mark. The Return to Camelot: Chivalry and the English Gentleman (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1981)

Giscard d’Estaing, Valérie-Anne. The World Almanac Book of Inventions (New York: World Almanac Publications, 1985)

Gladney, Dru C. Muslim Chinese: Ethnic Nationalism in the People’s Republic of China (Cambridge, MA: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 2nd edition, 1996)

Gladwell, Malcom. "My Jaw Dropped," New Yorker, July 8, 1996

Glaessner, Verina. Kung Fu: Cinema of Vengeance (New York: Bounty Books, 1974)

Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science (New York: Viking Penguin, 1987)

Glubok, Shirley and Alfred Tamarin, Olympic Games in Ancient Greece (New York: Harper & Row, 1976)

Gluck, Jay. "Masters of the Bare-Hand Kill," True, March 1957

Godden, Rumer. Gulbadan: Portrait of a Rose Princess at the Mughal Court (New York: Viking Press, 1981)

Godfrey, John. Treatise upon the Useful Science of Defense, 1747; available at

Goitein, S. D. "Evidence on the Muslim Poll Tax from Non-Muslim Sources: A Geniza Study," Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 6:3, December 1963

-----. A Mediterranean Society, volume I (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1967)

Gold, Hal. Unit 731: Testimony (Tokyo: Yen Books, 1996)

Golden, Mark. "Sport and Wage-Labour in the Heracles Myth," Arete: The Journal of Sport Literature, 3:2, Spring 1986

Gole, Y.A. Hand Book on Kabbadi (Bombay: Shyam Ashtekar, 1978)

González-Wippler, Migene. Santería: The Religion (New York: Harmony Books, 1989)

Goodich, Michael E. Violence and Miracle in the Fourteenth Century: Private Grief and Public Salvation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995)

Goodman, Morris C. Modern Numerology (North Hollywood, CA: Wilshire Book Company, 1973)

Goodrich, Norma Lorre. Medieval Myths (New York: Mentor Books, 1977)

-----. Priestesses (New York: Harper Perennial, 1989)

Goodwin, Donald W. Anxiety (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986)

Goodwin, Godfrey. Islamic Spain (San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1990)

Gordon, Gilbert. Stage Fights (New York: Theatre Arts Books, 1973); see also

Gorer, Geoffrey. Africa Dances (London: Penguin Books, 1983)

Gorn, Elliott J. "‘Gouge and Bite, Pull Hair and Scratch’: The Social Significance of Fighting in the Southern Backcountry," American Historical Review, 90 (February to December 1985); reprinted at

-----. The Manly Art: Bare-Knuckle Prize Fighting in America (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1986)

----- and Warren Goldstein. A Brief History of American Sports (New York: Hill and Wang, 1993)

Gottfried, Robert S. The Black Death: Natural and Human Disaster in Medieval Europe (New York: The Free Press, 1983)

Gould, Stephen Jay. "The Jew and the Jew Stone," Natural History, May/June 2000;

-----. "The Narthex of San Marco and the Pangenetic Paradigm," Natural History, July/August 2000

Gracie, Rickson and Kim Gracie. "On the Mat," Full Contact, December 1994; see also

Graham, Frank Jr. A Farewell to Heroes (New York: Viking Press, 1981)

Grant, Michael. Herod the Great (New York: American Heritage Press, 1971)

Graves, Robert. King Jesus (New York: Noonday Press, 1991)

----- and Raphael Patai. Hebrew Myths: The Book of Genesis (New York: Anchor Books, 1989)

Gravett, Christopher, Richard Hook, and Christa Hook. Medieval Siege Warfare (London: Osprey Publishing, 1990)

----- and Angus McBride. German Medieval Armies 1300-1500 (London: Osprey Publishing, 1985)

----- and Angus McBride. Knights at Tournament (London: Osprey Publishing, 1988)

Gray, Wilbur. "A Short History of Wargames,"

Green, Landis Knight. The Astrologer’s Manual (New York: Arco Publishing, 1977)

Green, Thomas A., editor. Martial Arts of the World: An Encyclopedia (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2001). The chapters on Burmese and Southeast Asian martial arts appear at The chapter on African and African American martial arts appears at (Cut’n’paste that entire URL into your browser. Alternatively, go to, go to "Search," and use "Green" as your keyword. Chapters also include abbreviated editions of Kronos.

Greer, John P. The Armies and Enemies of Ancient China 1027 B.C. - 1286 A.D. (Worthing, Sussex, UK: Wargame Research Group, 1975)

Gregg, Charles T. A Virus of Love & Other Tales of Medical Detection (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico, 1983)

Gregory of Tours. The History of the Franks, translated from the Latin with an introduction by Louis Thorpe (New York: Penguin Books, 1974); a different translation appears at

Griffin, Marcus. Fall Guys: The Barnums of Bounce, The inside story of the Wrestling Business, America’s most profitable and best organized professional sport (Chicago: Reilly & Lee, 1937)

Grix, Arthur E. Japans Sport in Bild und Wort (Berlin: Wilhelm Limpert, 1937)

Grombach, John V. The Saga of Sock: A Complete History of Boxing (New York: A. S. Barnes, 1949)

Gross, George C. "Lord Byron and the Fancy," Arete: The Journal of Sport Literature, 2:2, Spring 1985

Grossman, Dave. On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society (Boston: Little, Brown, 1995); see also

Groushko, M. A. Cossack: Warrior Riders of the Steppes (New York: Sterling Publishing, 1992)

Grousset, René. The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia, translated from the French by Naomi Walford (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1970)

Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History (New York: Touchstone Books, 3rd edition, 1991)

Guerdan, René. Byzantium: Its Triumphs and Tragedy, translated from the French by D.L.B. Hartley (New York: Capricorn Books, 1962)

Guiley, Rosemary Ellen. The Encyclopedia of Witches and Witchcraft (New York: Facts on File, 1989)

Guilmartin, John Francis Jr. Gunpowder and Galleys (London: Cambridge University Press, 1974)

Guinness Book of Records 1993, Peter Mathews, editor (New York: Bantam Books, 1993); see also

Guisso, R.W.L. and Catherine Pagani with David Miller. The First Emperor of China (New York: Birch Lane Press, 1989)

Guterman, Andrew and Robert W. Smith. "Neurological Sequelae of Boxing," Sports Medicine, 4, 1987

Guttmann, Allen. "Sports, Eros, and Popular Culture," Stanford Humanities Review, 6:2 (1995),

-----. Women’s Sports: A History (New York: Columbia University Press, 1991)

Haas, Michael E. "The Flame That Flickered and Died," Soldier of Fortune, October 1996

Hackenschmidt, George. Complete Science of Wrestling (London: "Health & Strength," Ltd., 1909)

-----. "Lemm, Gotch, Myself and Another," Health & Strength, March 20, 1909

Hackwood, Frederick W. Old English Sports (New York: Brentano’s, 1937)

Hackworth, David H. with Julie Sherman. About Face: The Odyssey of an American Warrior (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989)

Hadingham, Evan. "Ready, Aim, Fire!" Smithsonian, January 2000;

Haines, Bruce A. Karate’s History and Traditions (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1968)

Halifax, Joan. Shaman: The Wounded Healer (London: Thames and Hudson, 1982)

Halpin, James. "Bruce Lee: The Little Dragon (1940-1973)," in David Brewster and David M. Buerge (Eds.), Washingtonians (Seattle: Sasquatch Books, 1989)

Hall, Edward T. The Dance of Life: The Other Dimension of Time (Garden City, NY: Anchor Books/Doubleday, 1983)

Hall, Richard. Patriots in Disguise: Women Warriors of the Civil War (New York: Marlow, 1994); see also

Hall, Rosemary. Greece: A Travel Survival Kit (Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia: Lonely Planet Publications, 1994); see also

Hamal, Lakshman B. Military History of Nepal (Kathmandu: Sharda Pustak Mendir, 1995)

Hamel, Hendrik. Hamel’s Journal, and, A Description of the Kingdom of Korea. Translated from the Dutch manuscript by Jean-Paul Buys (Seoul: Royal Asiatic Society, 1994); see also

Hamidullah, Muhammad. The Muslim Conduct of State (Lahore: Sheikh Muhammad Ashraf, 1968)

Hammond, William M. Public Affairs: The Military and the Media, 1968-1973 (Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 1996)

Hand, George. Whiskey, Six-guns & Red-light Ladies: George Hand’s Saloon Diary, Tucson, 1875-1878. Transcribed and edited by Neil B. Carmody. (Silver City, NM: High-Lonesome Books, 1994)

Hane, Mikiso, translator and editor. Reflections on the Way to the Gallows: Rebel Women in Prewar Japan (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1988)

"Hanging Tough," Scientific American Discovering Archaeology, January/February 2000

Hanif, Mohammed A. "Akram Pahalwan -- ‘The Pakistani Tiger,’" undated, unpublished manuscript

-----. "Aslam Pahalwan -- The Uncrowned King of the Wrestling World," undated, unpublished manuscript

-----. "Kaloo -- The Terrible Pahalwan," undated, unpublished manuscript

-----. "Kings of Wrestling, Part I: Historical Review and English Wrestling and Wrestlers of its Golden Era," undated, unpublished manuscript

-----. "Rahim Pahalwan -- The Master Wrestler of the East," undated, unpublished manuscript

-----. Untitled manuscript on Indian and Pakistani wrestling identified by subtitles in the text, undated, unpublished

Hanley, Gerald. Warriors and Strangers (New York: Harper & Row, 1971)

Hardin, Stephen and Richard Hook. The Texas Rangers (London: Osprey Publishing, 1991); see also

Hardy, John W. "Adaptive Optics," Scientific American, June 1994

Hardy, Robert. Longbow: A Social and Military History (London: Lyons and Burford, 1992)

Hargrave, Thomas. "Grappling in Transition: Takeda Sokaku and Kano Jigoro, Approaches to Change and Preservation," Hoplos, 7:4, Winter 1996

Haring, Douglas G. Okinawan Customs: Yesterday and Today (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1969)

Harries, Meirion and Susie Harries. Sheathing the Sword: The Demilitarisation of Japan (New York: Macmillan, 1987)

-----. Soldiers of the Sun: The Rise and Fall of the Imperial Japanese Army (New York: Random House, 1991)

Harris, Marvin. Our Kind: Who We Are, Where We Came From, Where We Are Going (New York: HarperPerennial, 1990)

Harrison, E. J. The Fighting Spirit of Japan (Woodstock, NY: Overlook Press, 1982)

-----. "A Résumé of My Chequered Career," edited by Joseph R. Svinth, Aikido Journal, 26:1 (1999); reprinted at

Harrison, Lowell R. "An Affair of Honor: The Jackson-Dickenson Duel," American History Illustrated, 8:1, April 1973

Hart, Mickey with Jay Stevens. Drumming at the Edge of Magic: A Journey into the Spirit of Percussion (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1990)

Hartcup, Guy. Camouflage: A History of Concealment and Deception in War (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1980)

Hartley, R A. History and Bibliography of Boxing Books (Alton, Hants, UK: Nimrod Press, 1988)

Hartnoll, Phyllis. The Theatre: A Concise History (London: Thames and Hudson, revised edition, 1985)

Hasenauer, Heike. "Glimpsing the Future Soldier," Soldiers, November 1992

Hastings, Max, editor. The Oxford Book of Military Anecdotes (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985)

Hatsumi, Masaaki. Essence of Ninjutsu: The Nine Traditions (Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1988)

Hawkins, H.S. "The Question of the Pistol," Journal of the U. S. Cavalry Association, July 1913

Hayton-Keeva, Sally. Valiant Women in War and Exile (San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1987)

Head, Duncan. Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars 359 B.C. to 146 B.C. (Worthing, Sussex, UK: Wargame Research Group, 1982)

Headland, Isaac Taylor. "Chinese Sports and Games," Outing, 37, 1901

Heath, Ian. Armies of the Middle Ages, volume II (Worthing, Sussex, UK: Wargame Research Group, 1984)

----- and Angus McBride. Byzantine Armies 886-1118 (London: Osprey Publishing, 1979)

----- and Angus McBride. The Vikings (London: Osprey Publishing, 1985)

----- and Michael Perry. The Taiping Rebellion 1851-66 (London: Osprey Military, 1994)

Heckler, Richard Strozzi, editor. Aikido and the New Warrior (Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 1985)

-----. In Search of the Warrior Spirit (Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Press, 2nd edition, 1992)

Heine, William. With Perry to Japan, translated from the German and with an introduction and annotations by Frederic Trautmann (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 1990)

Heinz, William C., editor. The Fireside Book of Boxing (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1961); see also (Jeff McGregor’s 2000 interview with Heinz)

Hellemans, Alexander and Bryan Bunch. The Timetables of Science: A Chronology of the Most Important People and Events in the History of Science (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988)

Henderson, Alice Palmer. With the 91st at Camp Lewis, The First at Camp Lewis (Tacoma, WA: John C. Barr, 1918); see also

Hendra, Tony. "Man and Bull," Harper’s Magazine, November 1996; see also

Hendricks, Gay and Russel Wills. The Centering Book (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1975)

Hendricks, King and Irving Shepard. Jack London Reports: War Correspondence, Sports Articles, and Miscellaneous Writings (Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Co., 1970)

Hendrickson, Robert. The Henry Holt Encyclopedia of Word and Phrase Origins (New York: Owl Books, 1990); see also

Henley, Paul, "A Generous Quantity of Fat," London Review of Books, September 2, 1999

Herodotus. The Histories, translated from the Greek by Aubrey de Sélincourt (New York: Penguin Books, 1964); a separate translation appears at

-----. The Persian Wars, translated from the Greek by George Rawlinson (New York: Modern Library, 1942); see also

Herrigel, Eugen. Zen in the Art of Archery, translated from the German by R. F. C. Hull (New York: Vintage Books, 1971); see also Shoji Yamada’s article, "The Myth of Zen in the Art of Archery," Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 28:1-2, 2001

Herrigel, Gustie. Zen in the Art of Flower Arrangement, translated from the German by R. F. C. Hull (New York: Arkana, 1987)

Hess, Robert L. "The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela: A Twelfth-Century Jewish Description of North-East Africa," Journal of African History, 6:1, 1965; see also

Hesselink, Reinier H. "The Warrior’s Prayer: Tokugawa Yoshimune Revives the Yabusame Ceremony," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 4:4, 1995

Heuer, Kenneth. City of the Stargazers: The Rise and Fall of Ancient Alexandria (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1972)

Hewitt, Edwin. Sumo (Tokyo: Nihon-Sumo-Kyokai, no date)

Heyerdahl, Thor. The Ra Expeditions, translated from the Norwegian by Patricia Crampton (New York: Signet Books, 1971)

Hibbin, Sally. "Kagemusha," in The Brave and the Bloodthirsty (London: Orbis Publishing, 1984)

Hickman, Herman. "Rasslin’ Was My Act," Saturday Evening Post, February 6, 1954

Higaonna, Morio. Traditional Karatedo: Okinawa Goju Ryu, translated from the Japanese by Mike Cross and Paul Enfield (Tokyo: Minato Research/Japan Publications, 4 volumes, 1985-1990); see also

Hikoyama, Kozo. Sumo: Japanese Wrestling (Tokyo: Board of Tourist Industry, Japanese Government Railways, 1940)

Hill, D. R. The Termination of Hostilities in the Early Arab Conquests AD 634-656 (London: Luzac, 1971)

Hill, Geoffrey. Illuminating Shadows: The Mythic Power of Film (Boston: Shambhala, 1992)

Hiraga, Alissa. "Saving the Spirit," Rafu Magazine, August 4, 2000

Hiroa, Te Rangi. Arts and Crafts of Hawaii: War and Weapons (Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1964)

Hoberman, John M. and Charles E. Yesalis. "The History of Synthetic Testosterone," Scientific American, February 1995

Hobsbawm, Eric J. Bandits. (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1969)

----- and Terence Ranger, editors. The Invention of Tradition (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983)

Hodges, Henry. Technology in the Ancient World (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1970)

Hodson, Joel. "Lowell Thomas, T.E. Lawrence, and the Creation of a Legend," American History, 35:4, October 2000

Hoexter, Corrine K. From Canton to California: The Epic of Chinese Immigration (New York: Four Winds Press, 1976)

Hogg, Ian. The New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Firearms (Secaucus, NJ: Wellfleet Press, 1992)

Hoh, Gunsun. Physical Education in China (Shanghai: The Commercial Press, 1926)

Holcombe, Charles. "The Daoist Origins of the Chinese Martial Arts," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 2:1, 1993

-----. "Theater of Combat: A Critical Look at the Chinese Martial Arts," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 1:4, 1992

Hole, Christina. English Sports and Pastimes (London: B. T. Batsford, 1949)

Hollon, W. Eugene. Frontier Violence: Another Look (New York: Oxford University Press, 1974)

Holloway, Thomas H. Policing Rio de Janeiro: Repression and Resistance in a 19th-Century City (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993)

Holt, J C. Robin Hood (New York: Thames and Hudson, 1989); see also

Homer. The Odyssey.

Hook, Jason and Richard Hook. The American Plains Indians (London: Osprey Publishing, 1985)

Hooker, Terry and Ron Poulter. The Armies of Bolivar and San Martin (London: Osprey Publishing, 1991)

Horne, Alistair. The Price of Glory: Verdun 1916 (New York: Penguin Books, 1981)

Horsley, Richard A. with John S. Hanson. Bandits, Prophets, and Messiahs: Popular Movements at the Time of Jesus (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1985)

Horwitz, Tem and Susan Kimmelman with H. H. Lui. Tai Chi Ch’uan: The Technique of Power (Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 1976)

Hough, Richard. The Last Voyage of Captain James Cook (New York: William Morrow, 1979)

Howard, Michael. Clausewitz (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986)

-----. The Franco-Prussian War (New York: Macmillan, 1962)

Howse, Derek. Greenwich Time and Discovery of the Longitude (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980)

Hsieh, Douglas H. Y. Dim Mak (Dim Hsueh): The Poison Hand Touch of Death (Taiwan: Meadea Enterprise, 1989)

Hu, William C. C. "A History of Judo," Black Belt, September 1962

-----. "What Does ‘Kung-Fu’ Mean?" Black Belt, 1964

-----. and Kim Pyung Soo. "The Princess Caused a Scandal by Her Fascination for Wrestlers," Black Belt, June 1966

Huang, Chungliang Al. Quantum Soup: Fortune Cookies in Crisis (Berkeley, CA: Celestial Arts, 1991)

Huang, Ray. 1587: A Year of No Significance: The Ming Dynasty in Decline (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1981)

Hudson, W. H. Far Ago and Long Away: A History of My Early Life (New York: E. P. Dutton, 1959)

Huet, Michel. The Dances of Africa, text by Claude Savary, translated from the French by Dorothy Blair (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996)

Huggins, Mike. "The Regular Re-invention of Sporting Tradition and Identity: Cumberland and Westmorland Wrestling c. 1800-20001 [sic], The Sports Historian, 21:1 (May 2001),

Hui O Laulima. Okinawan Cookery and Culture (Honolulu: Fisher Printing, 1984)

Huizinga, Johan. Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play Element in Culture (Boston: Beacon Press, 1955)

-----. The Waning of the Middle Ages (Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1954)

Hunter, C. Bruce. A Guide to Ancient Maya Ruins (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2nd edition, 1986)

Huntford, Roland. Scott and Amundsen (New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1980)

Hurley, John W. Irish Gangs and Stick-Fighting in the Works of William Carleton (Xlibris, 2002)

Hurst, G. Cameron III. "Death, honor, and loyalty: The bushido ideal," Philosophy East & West, 40:4, October 1990; reprinted at

-----. "From Heiho to Bugei: The Emergence of the Martial Arts in Tokugawa Japan," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 2:4, 1993

-----. "Samurai on Wall Street: Miyamoto Musashi and the Search for Success," UFSI Reports, 44 (1982); reprinted at

Hurston, Zora Neale. Tell My Horse: Voodoo and Life in Haiti and Jamaica (New York: Perennial Library, 1990); see also and

Hutchison, Harold F. Edward II (New York: Stein and Day, 1971)

Hutton, Alfred. Cold Steel: A Practical Treatise on the Sabre (London: W. Clowes & Sons, 1889);

-----. Old Sword-Play. A glance at the systems of Fence in vogue during the XVIth, XVIIth, and XVIIIth Centuries, with lessons arranged from the works of various Ancient Masters for the practical study of the use of the picturesque arms borne of our forefathers (London: H. Grevel, 1892)

-----. The Sword and the Centuries (New York: Barnes and Noble, 1995). This edition is out of print, as is the original London: Grant and Richards, 1901. However, Greenhill Books ( is reprinting the book, and it should be available after December 2002.

Hwang, Jack, Interview with. World Journal of Martial Arts, Spring 1973; see also

Hyams, Edward and George Ordish. The Last of the Incas: The Rise and Fall of an American Empire (New York: Dorset Press, 1990)

Hyams, Joe. Zen in the Martial Arts (Los Angeles: J. P. Tarcher, 1979)

Ibn Khaldun. The Muqaddimah, translated from the Arabic by Franz Rosenthal, edited by N. J. Dawood (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1967); see also

Ienaga, Saburo. The Pacific War (New York: Pantheon Books, 1978)

Iliffe, John. "The Organization of the Maji Maji Rebellion," Journal of African History, 8, 1967

Illingworth, Montieth. Mike Tyson: Money, Myth and Betrayal (New York: Birch Lane Press, 1991)

Inkersley, Arthur. "Graeco-Roman Games in California," Outing, 25, 1895

"Interview with John Waller, Royal Armouries, Leeds,"

Isby, David C. "Red Rain," Soldier of Fortune, January 1983

Isenberg, Michael T. John L. Sullivan and His America (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1988)

Ishimoto, Shidzué. Facing Two Ways: The Story of My Life, with an introduction and an afterword by Barbara Molony (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1984)

Iyi, Kilinidi. "African Roots in Asian Martial Arts," Journal of African Civilizations, 7:1, 1985

Jablonsky, David. "Churchill, The Victorian Man of Action," Parameters, 23:4, Winter 1993-1994

Jackson, Ralph. Doctors and Diseases in the Roman Empire (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1988)

Jacomb, William J. Boxing for Beginners with Chapter Showing Its Relationship to Bayonet Fighting (Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1918); a portion appears online at

Jacques, Brett and Scott Anderson. "The Development of Sambo in Europe and America," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 8:2 (1999); see also and

James, Marquis. "Action at Astor Place," New Yorker, December 3, 1938

Japanese-American Courier (newspaper; published in Seattle, WA, 1928-1942)

Jares, Joe. Whatever Happened to Gorgeous George? (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1974)

Jay, Wally. "Professor Ken Kawachi, My Judo Sensei, Passes On," Karate International, November 1994

Jaynes, Julian. The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1990)

Jeffers, H. Paul. Commissioner Roosevelt: The Story of Theodore Roosevelt and the New York City Police, 1895-1897 (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994)

Jessup, John E. Jr. and Robert W. Coakley. A Guide to the Study and Use of Military History (Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 1979)

Johnson, Hubert C. Breakthrough! Tactics, Technology, and the Search for Victory on the Western Front in World War I (Novato, CA: Presidio, 1994)

Johnson, John. "Organic Psychosyndromes Due to Boxing," British Journal of Psychiatry, 115, 1969

Johnson, Michael G. and Richard Hook. American Woodland Indians (London: Osprey Publishing, 1990)

Johnston, Richard W. "Dangerous Delusion," Sports Illustrated, October 18, 1976

Joinville, Jean de and Geoffroy de Villehardouin. Chronicles of the Crusades, translated from the Latin by Margaret Shaw (New York: Penguin Books, 1983); for other translations of Villehardouin, see

Jones, Gwynn. A History of the Vikings (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968)

Jones, Halford. "Jose Rizal: Pioneer in the Philippine Arts of Self-Defense," Philippine Journal of Education, December 1966

Jordan, Jonathan W. "The Tommy gun proved its effectiveness throughout a half century of highly mobile combat," World War II, March 2000

Jory, David and Julia Jory. Dictionary of Sociology (New York: Harper Perennial, 1991)

Joseph, George Ghevergese. The Crest of the Peacock: Non-European Roots of Mathematics (London: I.B. Tauris, 1991)

Kahn, Roger. A Flame of Pure Fire: Jack Dempsey and the Roaring ‘20s (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1999)

Kakuma, Tsutomu. Sumo Watching, translated from the Japanese by Deborah Iwabuchi (Tokyo: Yohan Publications, 1993)

Kalakaua, David. The Legends and Myths of Hawaii (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1972)

Kammer, Reinhard. The Way of the Sword: The Tengu-Geijutsu-Ron of Chozan Shissai, translated from the German by Betty J. Fitzgerald (London: Arkana, 1986)

Kane, Kathryn. Swiss Army Knife Handbook (Oracle, AZ: Birdworks Publications, 1988)

Kano, Jigoro. Kodokan Judo (Tokyo: Kodansha International, 1986)

"Kansas Rejects Evolution: A Response from the Geoscience Community," Geotimes, October 1999, 18-22;

Kanwal, Balbir Singh. "Gama -- The Lion of the Ganges," unpublished manuscript

-----. "Kabaddi Sensation in Europe," unpublished manuscript

-----. Sikh Strongmen Over the Years (Ilford, Essex, UK: Sikh Research Centre, 1984)

Kaplan, David E. and Alec Dubro. Yakuza: The Explosive Account of Japan’s Criminal Underworld (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1986)

Kaplan, Stuart R. The Encyclopedia of Tarot, volume II (New York: US Games Systems, 1986)

Kapleau, Philip. Zen Dawn in the West (Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1980)

Kaspar, Shirl. Annie Oakley (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992)

Kaste, M., J. Vilkki, K. Saino, T. Kuurne, K. Katevuo, and H. Meurala. "Is Chronic Brain Damage in Boxing a Hazard of the Past?" The Lancet, November 27, 1982

Katz, William Loren. Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage (New York: Atheneum, 1986)

Kautz, Pete. "The Gripping History of Glima,"

Kauz, Herman. The Martial Spirit: An Introduction to the Origin, Philosophy, and Psychology of the Martial Arts (Woodstock, NY: Overlook Press, 1988)

Karwan, Charles. "Fix Bayonets," Soldier of Fortune, February 1988

Kathuria, Ramdev P. Life in the Courts of Rajasthan during the 18th Century (New Delhi: S. Chand, 1987)

Keating, Bern. An Illustrated History of the Texas Rangers (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1975)

Keegan, John. A History of Warfare (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993)

-----. The Illustrated Face of Battle (New York: Viking, 1989)

-----. "Marching in time through history," Times Literary Supplement, July 12, 1996; see also letters to the editor in Times Literary Supplement dated August 2, August 9, and August 16, 1996

-----. The Mask of Command (New York: Penguin Books, 1988)

----- and Richard Holmes. Soldiers: A History of Men in Battle (New York: Elisabeth Sifton Books/Viking, 1986)

Keen, Maurice. Chivalry (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1984)

Keene, Donald. The Japanese Discovery of Europe, 1720-1830 (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, revised edition, 1969)

Kelly, Colleen. "Apache: The Original Dangerous Game," Fight Master, Winter 1990, 13:1

Kemper, Theodore D. Social Structure and Testosterone: Explorations of the Socio-Bio-Social Chain (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1990)

Kendall, Ann. Everyday Life of the Incas (London: B. T. Batsford, 1973)

Kenyon, John R. Medieval Fortifications (Leicester, UK: Leicester University Press, 1991)

Kernan, Michael. "Outsmarting Napoleon," Smithsonian, September 1999;

Kerr, George H. Okinawa: The History of an Island People (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1972, 2001)

Kertzer, David I. Ritual, Politics, and Power (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1988)

Keynes, Simon and Michael Lapidge, editors and translators. Alfred the Great (New York: Penguin Books, 1983)

Khadduri, Majid. The Islamic Law of Nations (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1966)

-----. War and Peace in the Law of Islam (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1955)

Kiernan, V. G. The Duel in European History: Honour and the Reign of Aristocracy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988)

Kiefer, Otto. Sexual Life in Ancient Rome (New York: Dorset Press, 1993)

Kim, Chong Sun. "Hwarang and the First Unification of Korea," unpublished MA thesis, University of Washington, 1961

Kim, Pyung Soo. "The Hands are for Hypnotizing," Black Belt, September 1966

-----. "The Monks Were Afraid of Bandits and Wild Beasts," Black Belt, July 1966

Kim, Richard. The Weaponless Warriors: An Informal History of Okinawan Karate (Burbank, CA: Ohara Publications, 1974)

Kinder, Hermann and Werner Hilgemann. The Anchor Atlas of World History, translated from the German by Ernest A. Menze (Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1974)

Kinkead, Gwen. Chinatown: A Portrait of a Closed Society (New York: HarperCollins, 1992)

Kirtland, K. D. America’s Premier Gunmakers (New York: Mallard Press, 1990)

Kitchen, Martin. The German Officer Corps 1890-1914 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968)

Kittler, Glenn D. The Papal Princes (New York: Chapel Books, 1960)

Kiyota, M. and H. Kinoshita. Japanese Martial Arts and American Sports: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Means to Personal Growth (Tokyo: Nihon University, 1990)

Klaits, Joseph. Servants of Satan: The Age of the Witch Hunts (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1985)

Knappert, Jan. African Mythology (London: Diamond Books, 1995)

-----. Indian Mythology (London: Diamond Books, 1995)

-----. Pacific Mythology (London: Diamond Books, 1995)

Knauth, Percy. The Metalsmiths (New York: TIME-LIFE Books, 1974)

Knight, Ian and Richard Scollins. Queen Victoria’s Enemies (4): Asia, Australasia and the Americas (London: Osprey Publishing, 1990)

Knightley, Phillip. The First Casualty (New York: Harvest Books, 1975)

Kohn, Alfie. You Know What They Say…The Truth about Popular Beliefs (New York: Harper Perennial, 1990)

Kokalis, Peter G. "Bad News for Boris," Soldier of Fortune, January 1983

-----. "COMBLOC Sniper Rifles," Soldier of Fortune, August 1986

-----. "Deadly Decibels," Soldier of Fortune, April 1992

-----. "Doc Dater’s Deadly Devices," Soldier of Fortune, November 1981

-----. "Heckler & Koch’s Revolutionary G-11 Caseless Gun Highlights ADPA’s International Symposium on Small Arms," Soldier of Fortune, March 1982

-----. "Pinnacle of Perfection," Soldier of Fortune, October 1993

-----. "Russia’s Buffalo Burp Gun," Soldier of Fortune, May 1995

-----. "Tommy’s Gun," Soldier of Fortune, August 1986

-----. "Trijicon’s Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight," Soldier of Fortune, October 1989

Kolatch, Alfred J. The Jewish Book of Why (Middle Village, NY: Jonathan David Publishers, 1981)

Kolatch, Jonathan. Sports, Politics, and Ideology in China (Middle Village, NY: Jonathan David Publishers, 1972)

"Korea and the Koreans," Far Eastern Economic Review, July 4, 1957

Kreiner, Josef, editor. Sources of Ryukyuan History and Culture in European Collections (Munich: Iudicium, 1996)

Krause, Aurel. The Tlingit Indians, translated from the German by Erma Gunther (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1979)

Krise, Raymond and Bill Squires, Fast Tracks: The History of Distance Running (Brattleboro, VT: Stephen Greene Press, 1982)

Krishnamurti, K. S. Horary Astrology (Saidapet, Madras, India: Mahabala, 2nd edition, 1972)

Kritzeck, James and William H. Lewis, editors. Islam in Africa (New York: Van Nostrand-Reinhold, 1969)

Kübler-Ross, Elisabeth. On Death and Dying (New York: Macmillan, 1969)

Kuhn, Philip A. Soulstealers: The Chinese Sorcery Scare of 1768 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990)

Kuhn, Thomas S. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2nd edition, enlarged, 1970)

Kushner, Kenneth. One Arrow, One Life: Zen, Archery, and Daily Life (New York: Arkana, 1988)

Kuttner, Fritz A. The Archaeology of Music in Ancient China (New York: Paragon House, 1990)

La Barre, Weston. The Ghost Dance: The Origins of Religion (New York: Delta Books, 1972)

La Cava, Giuseppe. "Boxer’s Encephalopathy," Journal of Sports Medicine, 3, 1963

Ladurie, Emmanuel Le Roy. Montaillou: The Promised Land of Error, translated from the French by Barbara Bray (New York: Vintage Books, 1979)

Lagerwey, John. Taoist Ritual in Chinese Society and History (New York: Macmillan, 1987)

Lake, Stuart N. Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal (New York: Pocket Books, 1994)

Landes, David S. Revolution in Time: Clocks and the Making of the Modern World (Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1983)

Lang, H.G. The ‘Walking Stick’ Method of Self-Defense (London: Athletic House, 1923), (link via "Library")

Langley, Harold D. Social Reform in the United States Navy 1798-1862 (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1967)

Lao Tzu. Tao Te Ching. Various translations appear online. For some, see

Translated from the Chinese by Gia-fu Feng and Jane English (New York: Vintage Books, 1972)

Translated into German by Richard Wilhelm, translated into English by H.G. Ostwald (London: Arkana, 1985)

Translated from the Chinese by John C.H. Wu (Boston: Shambhala, 1989)

Lardner, John. "That Was Pugilism," New Yorker, July 2, 1949

-----. "The White Hopes," New Yorker, June 25, 1949

Larmour, David. "Boat-Races and Swimming Contests at Hermione," Aethlon, 7, 1990

Larsen, Randall J. with Robert P. Kadlec, "Biological Warfare -- a short history," CML (Army Chemical Review), January 1996

Larsen, Stanley R. and James Lawton Collins, Jr. Vietnam Studies: Allied Participation in Vietnam (Washington, DC: Department of the Army, 1985)

Larsson, L.E., K.A. Melin, G. Nordström-Öhrberg, B.P. Silfverskiöld, and K. Öhrberg. "Acute Head Injuries in Boxers: Clinical and Electroencephalographic Studies," translated from the Swedish by Virginia Uhlemann, Acta Psych et Neurol Scand, (Suppl 95), 1954

Latimer, Dean and Jeff Goldberg. Flowers in the Blood: The Story of Opium (New York: Franklin Watts, 1981)

Lau, D.C. and Roger T. Ames. Sun Pin: The Art of Warfare (New York: Ballantine Books, 1996)

Laubin, Reginald and Gladys Laubin. Indian Dances of North America: Their Importance to Indian Life (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1977, paperback, 1989)

Law, Robin. The Oyo Empire (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977)

Law, R.C.C. "The Garamantes and Trans-Saharan Enterprise in Classical Times," Journal of African History, 8:2, 1967

Lawlor, Eric. In Bolivia (New York: Vintage Departures, 1989)

Lawlor, Robert. Sacred Geometry: Philosophy and Practice (New York: Thames and Hudson, 1989)

Lebra, William P. Okinawan Religion: Belief, Ritual, and Social Structure (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 1985)

-----. "The Okinawans," People and Cultures of Hawaii: A Psychocultural Profile, John F. McDermott, Jr., Wen-shing Tseng, and Thomas W. Maretzki, editors (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 1980)

Ledyard, Gari. The Dutch Come to Korea (Seoul: Royal Asiatic Society, Korea Branch, 1971)

Lee, C.Y. Days of the Tong Wars: California 1847-1896 (New York: Ballantine Books, 1974)

Lee, Joo Bang. The Ancient Martial Art of Hwarang Do, volume II (Burbank, CA: Ohara Publications, 1979); see also

Lee, Ki-baik. A New History of Korea, translated from the Korean by Edward W. Wagner with Edward J. Schultz (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1984)

Legge, James, translator. The I Ching (The Book of Changes) (New York: Dover Publications, 1963)

Lehmusto, Heikki. Painin Historia (Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtio Otava, 2nd edition, revised printing with additions, 1939)

Leon-Portilla, Miguel, editor. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico (Boston: Beacon Press, 1992)

Leonard, George. The Ultimate Athlete: Re-Visioning Sports, Physical Education and the Body (New York: Viking, 1975)

Leonard, Patrick J. "As Private Robert Shurtliff, Deborah Samson served 18 months in the Continental Army, Military History, April 2001; see also

Leong, John. Beginning Shaolin Hung-Gar Kung-Fu (Hong Kong: Lee Koon-hung Publishing, nd)

Leslie, Charles, editor. Asian Medical Systems: A Comparative Study (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1976)

Levin, M.G. and L.P. Potapov, editors. The Peoples of Siberia, translated from the Russian by Stephen P. Dunn (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964)

Levy, Dana, Lea Sneider, and Frank B. Gibney. Kanban: The Art of the Japanese Shop Sign (San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1991)

Levy, Howard. The Lotus Lovers: The Complete History of the Curious Erotic Custom of Footbinding in China (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1992)

Lewinski, Jorge. The Camera at War: A History of War Photography from 1848 to the Present Day (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978)

Lewis, Bernard. Race and Color in Islam (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1971)

Lewis, Charles. The Romantic Decatur (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1937)

Lewis, J. Lowell. Ring of Liberation: Deceptive Discourse in Brazilian Capoeira (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992)

Leyshon, Glynn A. Judoka: The History of Judo in Canada (Gloucester, Ontario: Judo Canada, 1997)

-----. Of Mats and Men: The Story of Canadian Amateur and Olympic Wrestling from 1600 to 1984 (London, Ontario, Canada: Sports Dynamics, 1984); two chapters on wrestling in Canada before 1900 appear at and

----- and Gary Gardiner. Mat Wars: The Story of Ontario High School Wrestling (Gloucester, Ontario: CSFAC, 2000); for a chapter on girls’ wrestling, see

Liang, Shou-yu, Yang Jwing-ming, and Wu Wen-ching. Baguazhang: Emei Baguazhang (Jamaica Plain, MA: Yang’s Martial Arts Association, 1994)

Liebling, A.J. Back Where I Came From (San Francisco: North Point Press, 1990)

-----. "From Sarah Bernhardt to Yukon Eric," New Yorker, November 13, 1954

-----. A Neutral Corner, edited by Fred Warner and James Barbour (New York: Fireside Books, 1990)

-----. "Sparring Partner," New Yorker, June 24, 1939; see also

-----. The Sweet Science (New York: Penguin Books, 1982)

Limburg, Peter. What’s in the Names of Antique Weapons (New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1973)

Lind-Sinanian, Gary. "An Introductory Survey of Lebanese Dance," unpublished paper available through the Armenian Library and Museum of America, Inc., Watertown, Massachusetts

Lindblom, Gerhard. "Fighting-Bracelets and Kindred Weapons in Africa," Smärre Meddelonden, Nr. 4 (Stockholm: Riksmuseets Ethnografiska Avdelning, Stockholm, 1927)

-----. "The Sling, Especially in Africa, Additional Notes to a Previous Paper," Smärre Meddelonden, Nr. 17 (Stockholm: Statens Ethnografiska Museum, 1940)

Lindsay, Jack. Origins of Astrology (New York: Barnes & Noble, 1971)

Lindsay, Thomas and Jigoro Kano, "The Old Samurai Art of Fighting Without Weapons," Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, XVI, Pt II, 1887, reprinted 1915; reprinted at

Lindsay, Merrill. The Lure of Antique Firearms (New York: Stoeger Publishing, 1978)

Lindsey, John. "The Ninja Night Suit," Fighting Stars Magazine, February 1987

Lipman, Jonathan N. and Stevan Harrell, editors. Violence in China: Essays in Culture and Counterculture (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1990)

Litt, W. Wrestliana: An Historical Account of Ancient and Modern Wrestling (Whitehaven, England: Michael and William Alsop, 1860)

Littauer, Vladimir S. The Development of Modern Riding (New York: Howell Book House, 1991)

Liu, James J.Y. The Chinese Knight-Errant (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967)

Liu, Snowpine. "The Physical Education Movement in China," Journal of Health and Physical Education, April 1932

Livy. The Early History of Rome, translated from the Latin by Aubrey de Sélincourt (New York: Penguin Books, 1971); a different translation appears at

Lloyd, Alan. The Great Prize Fight (New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1977)

-----. The Making of the King 1066 (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1966)

Lloyd, Ann, editor. The Brave and the Bloodthirsty (London: Orbis Publishing, 1984)

-----. They Went That-A-Way (London: Orbis Publishing, 1982)

Lo, Benjamin P.J., Martin Inn, Robert Amacker, and Susan Foe. The Essence of T’ai Chi Ch’uan: The Literary Tradition (Richmond, CA: North Atlantic Books, 1979)

Locke, David. Drum Damba: Talking Drum Lessons (Tempe, AZ: White Cliffs Media, 1990)

Loeb, Edwin M. Sumatra: Its History and People (Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1989)

Loewe, Michael. Everyday Life in Early Imperial China (New York: Perennial Library, 1970)

LoFaro, G. A. "SLAM: The Influence of S.L.A. Marshall on the United States Army," Army History, Spring 1993

London Encyclopædia. Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert, editors (Bethesda, MD: Adler & Adler, 1986)

Long, David F. Nothing Too Daring (Annapolis, MD: US Naval Institute, 1970)

Long, Duncan. Modern Ballistic Armor: Clothing, Bomb Blankets, Shields, Vehicle Protection ... Everything You Need to Know (Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 1986)

Lord, John. The Maharajahs (New York: Random House, 1971)

Lorenz, F.M. "Law and Anarchy in Somalia," Parameters, 23:4, Winter 1993

Louis, Joe with Edna and Art Rust Jr. Joe Louis: My Life (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1989); an extract appears at; see also

Lowenthal, Wolfe. There Are No Secrets (Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 1991)

Lowry, Dave. Autumn Lightning: The Education of an American Samurai (Boston: Shambhala Publications, 1985)

Lu, David John, editor. Sources of Japanese History, volume I (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974)

Lukashev, Michail. "Creation of Sambo."

Lukashin, Yuri, editor. National Folk Sports in the USSR, translated from the Russian by James Riordan (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1980)

Lüschen, Günter, editor. The Cross-Cultural Analysis of Sport and Games (Champaign, IL: Stipes Publishing, 1970)

Luttwak, Edward. Coup d’Etat (Greenwich, CT: Fawcett, 1969)

Lycett, Andrew. Ian Fleming: The Man behind James Bond (Atlanta: Turner Publishing, 1995)

Lyons, John W. Fire (New York: Scientific American Library, 1985)

McAleer, Kevin. Dueling: The Cult of Honor in Fin-de-Siècle Germany (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994)

McBride, Angus. The Zulu War (London: Osprey Publishing, 1976)

McCabe, James D. Jr. New York by Gaslight (New York: Greenwich House, 1984; originally published in 1882 as New York by Sunlight and Gaslight)

McCann, Richard. "Bootleg Boxing," Collier’s, July 30, 1938

McCarthy, Patrick. Bubishi: The Bible of Karate (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1995); see also the discussion at

-----. Classical Kata of Okinawan Karate (Burbank, CA: Ohara Publications, 1987)

-----. "The World within Kinjo Hiroshi and Karatedo," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 3:2, 1994

----- and Yuriko McCarthy, translators and compilers. Karate-do Tanpenshu: Funakoshi Short Stories (Brisbane, Australia: International Ryukyu Karate Research Society, 2001)

McCarthy, Thomas A. Quarter-Staff: A Practical Manual (London: W. Swan Sonnenschein & Co., Paternoster Row, 1883);

McCollum, Linda Carlyle. "The Fencing School in Blackfriars," Blackfriars Journal,

McCoy, Alfred W. The Politics of Heroin (New York: Lawrence Hill Books, 2nd edition, 1991)

McCoy, F. J. "A New System of Self-Defense," Physical Culture, 26:3, September 1911

-----. "A New System of Self-Defense," Physical Culture, 26:4, October 1911

McElroy, Mary. "Organized Sporting Contests in the Early English Professional Theater," Canadian Journal of History of Sport, 21:1, May 1990

----- and Kent Cartwright. "Public Fencing Contests on the Elizabethan Stage," Journal of Sport History, 13:3 (Winter 1986),

McGivern, Ed. Fast and Fancy Revolver Shooting (Chicago: Follett Publishing, 1975)

McKenna, Terence. Food of the Gods: The Search for the Original Tree of Knowledge (New York: Bantam Books, 1992)

McLeod, Malcolm. Treasures of African Art (New York: Abbeville Press, 1980)

McLoughlin, Denis. Wild & Woolly: An Encyclopedia of the Old West (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975)

McManus, Barbara F. "Arena: Gladiatorial Games,"

McMichael, William H. "Soldiers and Coffee," Soldiers, November 1992

McNallen, Steve. "Leadville to Lhasa," Soldier of Fortune, April 1991

McNeill, William H. Keeping Together in Time: Dance and Drill in Human History (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995); see also Geoffrey Parker, "Parade-ground practice," Times Literary Supplement, June 14, 1996, 26

McPherson, C. L. "Steve" with Oren Arnold. "What Gives in Rasslin’," Collier’s, October 29, 1949

McQueen, Ian L. Japan: A Travel Survival Kit (Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia: Lonely Planet Publications, 1989); see also

MacDowell, D. M. Spartan Law (Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1986)

MacDowell, Simon and Christa Hook. Late Roman Cavalryman 236-565 AD (London: Osprey, 1995)

Machiavelli, Niccolò. The Art of War.

-----. The Prince and The Discourses, translated from the Italian by Luigi Ricci and revised by E.R.P. Vincent (New York: Modern Library, 1950); for The Prince online, see

Mackeen, A.M. Mohamed. "The Early History of Sufism in the Maghrib prior to Al-Shadili (d. 656/1256)," Journal of the American Oriental Society, 91:3, July-September 1971

Macleod, David I. Building Character in the American Boy: The Boy Scouts, YMCA, and Their Forerunners, 1870-1920 (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1983)

Maenchen-Helfen, Otto J. The World of the Huns: Studies in Their History and Culture, edited by Max Knight (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1973)

Magnusson, Magnus and Hermann Pálsson, translators. Laxdaela Saga (New York: Penguin Books, 1981); an older translation appears online at

-----. Njal’s Saga (New York: Penguin Books, 1960); an older translation appears online at

Mailer, Norman. "The Best Move Lies Very Close to the Worst," Esquire, October 1993

Maisel, Edward. Tai Chi for Health (New York: Delta Books, 1972)

Males, Mike A. The Scapegoat Generation: America’s War on Adolescents (Monroe, ME: Common Courage Press, 1996)

Maliszewski, Michael. "Medical, Healing & Spiritual Components of Asian Martial Arts," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 1:2, 1992

Malory, Sir Thomas. Le Morte d’Arthur (New York: E. P. Dutton, 1906);

Manchester, William. The Arms of Krupp 1587-1968 (New York: Bantam Books, 1970)

-----. A World Lit Only by Fire (Boston: Little, Brown, 1993)

Mandell, Richard D. The First Modern Olympics (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1976)

-----. Sport: A Cultural History (New York: Columbia University Press, 1984)

Mangold, Tom and John Penycate. The Tunnels of Cu Chi (New York: Berkley Books, 1986)

Mansir, A. Richard. A Modeler’s Guide to Ancient & Medieval Ships (Dana Point, CA: Moonraker Publications, 1981)

Marks, Shula and Anthony Atmore, "Firearms in Southern Africa: A Survey," Journal of African History, 12:4, 1971

Marozzo, Achille. Opera Nova chiamata duello.

Marre, Jeremy and Hannah Charlton. Beats of the Heart: Popular Music of the World (London: Pluto Press, 1985)

Marshall, Evan. "The Ultimate Handgun Stopping Power Tests," Handguns, 7:9, September 1993

----- and Edwin J. Sanow, Handgun Stopping Power: The Definitive Study (Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 1992)

Marshall, John Douglas. Reconciliation Road: A Family Odyssey (St. Paul, MN: Hungry Mind Press, 1993)

Marshall, S. L. A. Men Against Fire (Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith, 1978)

-----. The Soldier’s Load and the Mobility of a Nation (Quantico, VA: Marine Corps Association, 1950); see also and

Martell, William A. Greco-Roman Wrestling (Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, 1993); see also

Martin, B. G. "Kanem, Bornu, and the Fazzan: Notes on the Political History of a Trade Route," Journal of African History, 10:1, 1969

Martin, Brian G. The Shanghai Green Gang: Politics and Organized Crime 1919-1937 (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1996)

Martland, Harrison S. "Punch Drunk," Journal of American Medical Association, 91, 1928

Mason, Eugene, translator. Aucassin and Nicolette and Other Mediaeval Romances and Legends (New York: E. P. Dutton, 1958)

Massie, Robert K. Peter the Great: His Life and World (New York: Alfred K. Knopf, 1980); see also

Masterson, W.B. The 75th Anniversary Edition of Famous Gunfighters of the Western Frontier, annotated and illustrated by Jack DeMattos (Monroe, WA: Weatherford Press, 1982)

Masüger, J. B. Schweizerbuch der alten Bewegungsspiele (Zürich: Artemis Verlag, 1955)

Mattoso, Katia M. de Queirós. To Be a Slave in Brazil, 1550-1888 (New Brunswick, CT: Rutgers University Press, 1989)

Mattson, George E. The Way of Karate (Rutland, VT: Tuttle, 1986); see also

Matz, David. Greek and Roman Sport: A Dictionary of Athletes and Events from the Eighth Century B.C. to the Third Century A.D. (Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1991)

May, John. The Greenpeace Book of the Nuclear Age (New York: Pantheon Books, 1989)

Medieval India – A Miscellany. Volume I. Edited by S. Nurul Hasan. (Bombay: Aligarh Muslim University, 1969)

-----. Volume II. Edited by S. Nurul Hasan. (Bombay: Aligarh Muslim University, 1972)

Mee, Bob. Bare Fists: The History of Bare-Knuckle Prize-Fighting (Woodstock, NY: Overlook Press, 2001)

Meek, C.K. "Fighting-Wristlets." Man, 28-29, March 1927, available through

Meinertzhagen, Richard. Army Diary 1899-1926 (Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1960)

-----. Kenya Diary (Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1957)

Mendoza’s Treatise on Boxing, ca. 1800, reprinted at

Menke, Frank G. The Encyclopedia of Sports (New York: A. S. Barnes, 4th revised edition, 1969)

Menninger, Karl. Number Words and Number Symbols: A Cultural History of Numbers, translated from the revised German edition by Paul Broneer (New York: Dover Publications, 1992)

Mercader, Julio and Raquel Marti. "A Hard Life in a Harsh Garden," Scientific American Discovering Archaeology, November/December 1999

Merlin, Mark David. On the Trail of the Ancient Opium Poppy (Cranberry, NJ: Associated Universities Presses, 1984)

Métraux, Alfred. The History of the Incas, translated from the French by George Ordish (New York: Pantheon Books, 1969)

-----. Voodoo in Haiti, translated from the French by Hugo Charteris (New York: Schocken Books, 1972); see also

Meyer, Marvin. "The Master of Aikido," Today’s Japan, 4:9, September-October 1959

Meyer, Milton W. Southeast Asia: A Brief History (Totowa, NJ: Littlefield, Adams, 1966)

Meyers, John C. Wrestling: From Antiquity to Date (St. Louis, MO: The Author, 1931)

Meyers, Richard, Amy Harlib, Bill and Karen Palmer. From to the Ninjas: Martial Arts Movies (Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press, 1985)

Miletich, Leo N. Dan Stuart’s Fistic Carnival (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1994)

Milgram, Stanley. Obedience to Authority: An Experimental View (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1975)

Miller, Charles. Lunatic Express (New York: Macmillan, 1971)

Miller, Douglas and G.A. Embleton. The Landsknechts (London: Osprey Publishing, 1976)

----- and G.A. Embleton. The Swiss at War 1300-1500 (London: Osprey Publishing, 1979)

Miller, Harry. Pirates of the Far East (London: Robert Hale, 1970)

Miller, Stephen G. Arete: Greek Sports from Ancient Sources (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1991); see also

Millspaugh, J. A. "Dementia Pugilistica," U.S. Navy Medical Bulletin, 35, 1937

Milner, Richard. "Charles Darwin and Associates, Ghostbusters," Scientific American, October 1996

Mishima, Yukio. Mishima on Hagakure: The Samurai Ethic and Modern Japan, translated from the Japanese by Kathryn Sparling (New York: Viking Penguin, 1986); see also

Mitchell, David. Official Karate (London: Stanley Paul, 1986)

Mitchell, Timothy. Blood Sport: A Social History of Spanish Bullfighting (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991)

Mixter, John R. "Man’s first long-range missile weapon, the sling was a deadly military asset in skilled hands," Military History, 18:3 (August 2001)

Miyamoto, Musashi. The Book of Five Rings. For background, see,,,,,, and

Translated from the Japanese by Thomas Cleary (Boston: Shambhala, 1993) (RECOMMENDED, if also read with Cleary’s The Japanese Art of War: Understanding the Culture of Strategy)

Translated from the Japanese by Victor Harris (Woodstock, NY: Overlook Press, 1974); (RECOMMENDED, despite factual errors in the introduction -- see for details. Authorized audio tapes are also available.)

Interpreted from the English by Steve Kaufman (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1994) (NOT RECOMMENDED, as it is a very free interpretation)

Translated from the Japanese by Nihon Services Corporation (New York: Bantam Books, 1983) (RECOMMENDED; for some extracts, see

Molleson, Theya. "The Eloquent Bones of Abu Hureyra," Scientific American, August 1994

Mollo, John. Military Fashion (New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1972)

Moncure, John. "À Cheval: Equitation as Sport and Training at the French School of Armor and Cavalry," Armor, January-February 1996

Monday, Nyle. "The Ryu-Ha System: Continuity & Change in Japanese Martial Culture," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 3:1, 1994

Mondschein, Ken. "Daggers of the Mind: Towards a Historiography of Fencing," Association for Historical Fencing,

Montaigue, Erle. Dim-Mak: Death-Point Striking (Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 1993); see also

-----. "George Dillman’s Nervepoint Knockouts: The Full Story," Fighting Arts International (Xerographic copy; no date, but about 1990)

"Monte Verde Revisited," Scientific American Discovering Archaeology, November/December 1999

Mooney, Robert Johnstone. "Boxing and Wrestling with Roosevelt in the White House," The Outlook, October 24, 1923

Mooraj, Anwer. Sand, Cacti and People (Karachi Rediscovered) (Karachi: Greengrove Press, 2nd edition, 1965)

Moore, R. I., editor. Rand McNally Atlas of World History (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1992)

Moorhouse, Geoffrey. India Britannica (London: Paladin Books, 1984)

-----. On the Other Side: A Journey through Soviet Central Asia (New York: Henry Holt, 1990)

Moquin, Wayne, editor, with Charles Van Doren. A Documentary History of the Mexican Americans (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1971)

Moran, Lord. The Anatomy of Courage (Garden City Park, NY: Avery Publishing Group, 1987)

Morgan, Murray. Skid Road: An Informal Portrait of Seattle (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1982)

Morgan, Thomas D. "Native Americans in World War II," Army Historian, Fall 1995;

Mori, Takeo and Dragan Milenkovic. Secrets of Japanese Astrology: The Science of Kigaku. Translated from the Serbo-Croatian by Patricia Robinson (New York: Weatherhill, 1993); see also

Moriarty, James Robert. "Ritual Combat: A Comparison of the Aztec ‘War of Flowers’ and the Medieval Mêlée," Colorado State College -- Greeley Museum of Anthropology, Miscellaneous Series 9, November 1969

Morison, Samuel Eliot. "Old Bruin": Commodore Matthew C. Perry, 1794-1858 (Boston: Little, Brown, 1967); see also

Morris, Andrew D. Marrow of the Nation: A History of Sport and Physical Culture in Republican China (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004)

Morris, Charles. The Autobiography of Commodore Charles Morris, USN (Boston: A. Williams, 1880)

Morris, Craig and Adriana von Hagen. The Inka Empire and Its Andean Origins (New York: Abbeville Press, 1993)

----- and Donald E. Thompson. Huánuco Pampa: An Inca City and Its Hinterland (London: Thames and Hudson, 1985)

Morris, David. The Culture of Pain (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1991)

Morris, Ivan I. Nationalism and the Right Wing in Japan: A Study of Post-War Trends (London: Oxford University Press, 1960)

-----. The Nobility of Failure (New York: New American Library, 1975)

Morris, Jean and Eleanor Preston-Whyte. Speaking with Beads: Zulu Arts from Southern Africa (New York: Thames and Hudson, 1994)

Morris, William S. "Henry S. Okazaki, Founder of American Jiu Jitsu," Black Belt, March-April 1963; see also

Morton, E.D. The Martini A-Z of Fencing (London: Macdonald/Queen Anne Press, 1992)

Morton, Gerald W. and George M. O’Brien. Wrestling to Rasslin’: Ancient Sport to American Spectacle (Bowling Green, KY: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1985)

Motoki, Kobayashi. "Tenmu, The Self-Inventing Emperor," The East, 33:6, 1998

Moseley, Michael E. The Incas and Their Ancestors: The Archaeology of Peru (London: Thames and Hudson, 1992)

Mouratidis, John. "The Origin of Nudity in Greek Athletics," Journal of Sport History, 12:3 (Winter), 1985,

Mudenge, S.I. "The Role of Foreign Trade in the Rovzi Empire: A Reappraisal," Journal of African History, 15:3, 1974

Mujumdar, D.C. Encyclopedia of Indian Physical Culture (Baroda, India: Good Companions, 1950)

Mullan, Harry. The Great Book of Boxing (New York: Crescent Books, 1987)

Mullin, Gerald W. Flight and Rebellion: Slave Resistance in Eighteenth Century Virginia (New York: Oxford University Press, 1974)

Mullis, Kary. Dancing Naked in the Mind Field (New York: Pantheon Books, 1998)

Munro, J.M. "Why the Pistol," Journal of the U. S. Cavalry Association, September 1913

Munro, Neil. The Quick and the Dead: Electronic Combat and Modern Warfare (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1991)

Murcott, Susan. The First Buddhist Women: Translations and Commentary on the Therigatha (Berkeley, CA: Parallax Press, 1991)

Murphy, Michael. The Future of the Body: Explorations into the Further Evolution of Human Nature (Los Angeles: Jeremy P. Tarcher, 1992)

----- and Rhea A. White. The Psychic Side of Sports (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing, 1978)

Murray, Gary. An Introduction to Judo (London: McDonald Optima, 1989)

Murray, Jon. Bangladesh: A Travel Survival Kit (Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia: Lonely Planet Publications, 1991); see also

Muzumdar, S. Strongmen Over the Years: A Chronicle of Athletes (Lucknow: Oudh Printing Works, 1942)

kronos 2005