A Chronological History of the Martial Arts and Combative Sports Bibliography A-F

(rev 01/05)

KRONOS Bibliography (A-F)

Copyright © 2000-2004 Joseph R. Svinth All rights reserved.


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Al-Sayyid-Marsot, Afaf Lufti, editor. Society and the Sexes in Medieval Islam (Malibu, CA: Undena Publications, 1979)

Abbey, Edward. The Monkey Wrench Gang (New York: Avon Books, 1975)

Abe, Ikuo, Yasuharu Kiyohara, and Ken Nakajima. "Sport and Physical Education under Fascistization in Japan," Bulletin of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 13 (1990); see also International Journal of the History of Sport, 9:1 (April 1992); a slightly revised version appears at

Adams, Andy. "Kyudo: The Longbows Aim for a New Target," Black Belt, May 1967

-----. "Last of the Ninja," Black Belt, February 1967

Adams, Charles. Fight, Flight, Fraud: The History of Taxation (Buffalo, NY: Euro-Dutch Publishers, 1982)

Adams, Doug and Diane Apostolos-Cappadona. Dance as Religious Studies (New York: Crossroad, 1993)

Albertson, Roger L. "Backpack Nukes for ‘Nam," Soldier of Fortune, May 1995; see also

Alcock, Leslie. Arthur’s Britain: History and Archaeology AD 367-634 (New York: Penguin Books, 1980)

Aldridge, Bob. "Ye Middle Age Bash," Soldier of Fortune, June 1980

Alexander, George W. Okinawa: Island of Karate (Lake Worth, FL: Yamazato Publications, 1991)

Alford, Violet. Pyrenean Festivals: Calendar Customs, Music & Magic, Drama & Dance (London: Chatto and Windus, 1937)

-----. Sword Dance and Drama (London: Merlin Press, 1962)

Allanson-Winn, R.G. and C. Phillipps-Wolley, Broadsword and Singlestick -- with Chapters on Quarter-staff, Bayonet, Cudgel, Shillalah, Walking Stick, Umbrella and other Weapons of Self Defence, (London: George Bell & Sons, 1898). Quarterstaff appears at, shillelagh at, and singlestick at

Allen, Charles. Raj: A Scrapbook of British India 1877-1947 (London: Andre Deutsch, 1977)

-----, editor. Tales from the Raj: Images of British India in the Twentieth Century (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1976)

----- and Sharada Dwivedi. Lives of the Indian Princes (New York: Crown Publishers, 1985)

Allen, Louis. "The Nakano School," Japan Society Proceedings, 10, 1985

Allen, Oliver E. The Tiger: The Rise and Fall of Tammany Hall (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing, 1993)

Allen, Robert C. Horrible Prettiness: Burlesque and American Culture (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1991)

Almeida, Ubirajara G. Capoeira: A Brazilian Art Form (Palo Alto, CA: Sun Wave, 1981)

-----. Capoeira: A Brazilian Art Form (Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 2nd edition, 1986)

-----. "Capoeira: An Introductory History,"

Alter, Joseph S. "Gama the Great: Indian Nationalism and the World Wrestling Championships of 1910 and 1928," Yugantar Punjab, Summer 2000

-----."Gama the World Champion: Wrestling and Physical Culture in Colonial India," Iron Game History, October 1995;, then use "Gama" as the keyword

-----. The Wrestler’s Body: Identity and Ideology in North India (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1992);

Alvarez del Villar, José. Men and Horses of Mexico: History and Practice of "Charrería", translated from the Spanish by Margaret Fischer de Nicolin (Mexico City: Ediciones Lara, 1979)

Amano, Ikuo. Education and Examination in Modern Japan, translated from the Japanese by William K. Cummings and Fumiko Cummings (Tokyo: University of Tokyo, 1990)

Amberger, J. Christoph. "The Death of History: Historic European Fighting Arts in the Mis-information Age,"

Ambrose, Stephen E. "The Central Pacific Attacks the Sierra Nevada," American History, 35:4 (October 2000)

Amdur, Ellis. "The Development and History of the Naginata," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 4:1, 1995

-----. "Divine Transmission Katori Shinto Ryu," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 3:2, 1994

-----. "The Role of Arms-Bearing Women in Japanese History," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 5:2, 1996; see also

Anderberg, Bengt and Myron L. Wolbarsht. Laser Weapons: The Dawn of a New Military Age (New York: Plenum Press, 1992)

Anderson, Walter Truett. Reality Isn’t What It Used to Be (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1990)

Ando, Tsuruo. Bunraku: The Puppet Theater, translated from the Japanese by Don Kenny (New York: Walker/Weatherhill, 1970)

Andrews, William. Old Time Punishments (New York: Dorset Press, 1991)

Anonymous. "Strenuous Athletics in China, including Pre-Japanese Jiu-Jutsu," The Literary Digest, May 29, 1920; online at

-----. "Japan Karate Association," Black Belt, January 1964

-----. "Pumped Up," U. S. News & World Report, June 1, 1992

-----. "Right Height," in "The Talk of the Town," New Yorker, May 27, 1950

-----, editor. Roots of Strategy, Book II (Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1987)

Apple, Russ and Peg Apple. Tales of Old Hawai’i (Honolulu: Island Heritage, 1977)

Applegate, Rex. "Basic Instinct: Point Shooting Not Dead Yet," Soldier of Fortune, March 1995

-----. "Instinct Shooting: Self-Protection for Anyone," American Rifleman, 1944

-----. Kill or Be Killed, FMFRP 12-80

-----. "Riot Control: Army and National Guard Unprepared to Rule the Mob," Soldier of Fortune, December 1992

Arakawa, Tomu. "Karate Ni Sente Nashi (Karate is for self defense, not offense)," Of Andagi and Sanshin: Okinawan Culture in Hawai’i, Ruth Adaniya, Alice Njus, and Margaret Yamate, editors (Honolulu: Hui O Laulima, 1988)

Archaeological Team of Pit of Terracotta Figures at Qinshihuang Mausoleum and the Museum of Qin Terracotta Figures. Terracotta Figures at Qinshihuang Mausoleum, translated by He Fei (Beijing: Cultural Relics Publishing House, 1986)

Ardolino, Frank. "Shadow Boxing: Max Baer on Canvas and on Screen," Aethlon: The Journal of Sport Literature, 9:1, Fall 1991

Aria, Barbara with Russell Eng Gon. The Nature of the Chinese Character (Vancouver, BC, Canada: Raincoast Books, 1991)

-----. The Spirit of the Chinese Character (Vancouver, BC, Canada: Raincoast Books, 1992)

Armstrong, Hunter. "Talwar: Warrior’s Sword of North India," Hoplos, 7:4, Winter 1996

Armstrong, Steve with Jay Alevizon. Isshinryu Karate (Tacoma, WA: DLAW Publications, 1984); see also

Armstrong, Walter. Wrestliana; or, the History of the Cumberland & Westmoreland Wrestling Society in London since the Year 1824 (London: Simpkin, Marshall, 1870)

Arsuaga, Juan Luis. "The First Europeans: Spanish Caves Paint a New Picture of Evolution on the Continent," Discovering Archaeology, 2:5 (November/December 2000)

Asbell, Bernard with Karen Wynn. What They Know about You (New York: Regina Ryan Publishing Enterprises, 1991)

Asbury, Herbert. The Barbary Coast (New York: Ballantine Books, 1973)

Ashe, Arthur R. Jr. A Hard Road to Glory: A History of the African-American Athlete 1619-1918 (New York: Warner Books, 1988); see also

Asimov, Isaac. Asimov’s Chronology of Science and Discovery (New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1989)

-----. Asimov’s Chronology of the World (New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1991)

Asquith, Stuart and Chris Warner. New Model Army 1645-60 (London: Osprey Publishing, 1981)

Atkinson, Linda. Women in the Martial Arts: A New Spirit Rising (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1983)

Atmore, Anthony, J. M. Chirenje, and S. I. Mudenge, "Firearms in South Central Africa," Journal of African History, 12:4, 1971

Attenborough, Richard. In Search of Gandhi (Piscataway, NJ: New Century Publishers, 1982)

Atwill, Lionel. The New, Official Survival Game Manual (New London, NH: National Survival Game, 1987)

Austin, Alf. "The Old and New Pugilism," Outing, 37, 1901

Australian Encyclopaedia. Arthur Wilberforce Jose and Herbert James Carter, editors (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1926)

Axtell, James. The European and the Indian: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1981)

Aylward, J.D. "Some Nineteenth-Century Fencing Books," The Connoisseur, 126, October 1950

Bacharach, Jere L. A Near East Studies Handbook (Seattle: University of Washington Press, revised edition, 1976)

Baird, Bil. The Art of the Puppet (New York: Macmillan, 1965)

Bagwell, Bill. "Can the KA-BAR Cut It?" Soldier of Fortune, December 1984

Ball, Ian M. Pitcairn: Children of Mutiny (Boston: Little, Brown, 1973)

Bandy, Susan J., editor. Coroebus Triumphs: The Alliance of Sport and the Arts (San Diego: San Diego State University Press, 1988)

Banham, Martin, editor. The Cambridge Guide to World Theatre (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990)

Barber, Elizabeth W. Prehistoric Textiles: The Development of Cloth in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages, with Special Reference to the Aegean (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991)

-----. Women’s Work: The First 20,000 Years: Women, Cloth, and Society (New York: W. W. Norton, 1994)

Barber, Richard and Juliet Barker. Tournaments: Jousts, Chivalry, and Pageants in the Middle Ages (New York: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1989)

Barclay, Glen. Mind over Matter: Facts and Feats beyond the Bounds of Nature (London: Pan Books, 1975)

Barden, Renardo. Tamashiwara: The Art of Breaking Bricks and Boards with Your Hands and Feet (Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1985)

Barker, Kathleen. Bristol at Play (Bradford-on-Avon, UK: Moonraker Press, 1976)

Barlow, Jeffrey. "Truong Family Kung-fu,"

-----. "Vietnamese Kung-fu: Tay Son,"

----- and Morgan Day, "Ethnic Strife & the Origins of Kajukenbo," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 2:4, 1993

Barnard, C. N. and Kazem Kazemaini. The Zour Khaneh: Traditional Persian Gymnasium (Teheran: Bank Melli Press, 1970); for images, see,, and

Barnes, Frank C. Cartridges of the World, Mike Bussard, editor (Northbrook, IL: DBI Books, 7th edition, 1993)

Barrett, Leonard E. Sr. The Rastafarians: Sounds of Cultural Dissonance (Boston: Beacon Press, 1988)

Barrett, Pat. Everybody Down Here Hates Me (Gulf Breeze, FL: Fleur Press, 1990)

Barron, Eugene A. "In Memoriam Mel Tappan," Soldier of Fortune, February 1981

Bartecchi, Carl E., Thomas D. MacKenzie, and Robert W. Schrier, "The Global Tobacco Epidemic," Scientific American, May 1995

Barthorp, Michael and Pierre Turner. The British Army on Campaign 1816-1902 (1): 1816-1853 (London: Osprey Publishing, 1987)

----- and Pierre Turner. The British Army on Campaign 1816-1902 (2): The Crimea 1854-1856 (London: Osprey Publishing, 1987)

Bartlett, Clive and Gerry Embleton. English Longbowman 1330-1550 (London: Osprey, 1995)

Barton, Carlin A. The Sorrows of the Ancient Romans: The Gladiator and the Monster (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993)

Barton-Wright, E. W. "Ju-jitsu and Ju-do," Transactions and Proceedings of the Japan Society, 5, 1902

-----. "Self-defence with a Walking-stick: The Different Methods of Defending Oneself with a Walking-Stick or Umbrella when Attacked under Unequal Conditions," Pearson’s Magazine, 11 (January 1901); reprinted at

-----. "Self-defence with a Walking-stick, Part II." Pearson’s Magazine, 11 (February 1901); reprinted at

Bates, Christopher. "Wang Wu Notices the Commotion on Music Hall Street," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 2:4, 1993

Bateman, Py. Fear into Anger: A Manual of Self-Defense for Women (Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1978)

Bayley, C.A. "Rebellion’s Legacy," Times Literary Supplement, January 10, 1997

Beach, D.N. "Ndebele Raiders and Shona Power," Journal of African History, 15:4, 1974

Bear, Fred. The World of Archery (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1979)

Beare, W.T.A. "Antagonistics: A Comparison of Some Methods of Self-Defence," Sandow’s Magazine, Vol. 6, January 1901; reprinted at

Beck, Lois and Nikki Keddie, editors. Women in the Muslim World (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978)

Bede. A History of the English Church and People, translated and edited by Leo Sherley-Price (New York: Penguin Books, 1986); a different translation appears at

Beeler, John. Warfare in Feudal Europe 730-1200 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1971)

Bellemy, Steve. "The All Japan Shukokai Championships," Fighting Arts, 3:5, 1978

Bellwood, Peter. Man’s Conquest of the Pacific: The Prehistory of Southeast Asia and Oceania (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979)

Benedict, Ruth. The Chrysanthemum and the Sword (New York: New American Library, 1974)

-----. Patterns of Culture (New York: Mentor Books, 1951)

Bennett, Bruce. "Physical Education and Sport at Its Best -- The Naval Aviation V-5 Pre-Flight Program," Canadian Journal of History of Sport, 21:2, December 1990; an abstract appears at

Bennetton, Norman A. Social Significance of the Duel in Seventeenth Century French Drama (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1938)

Beowulf and Other Old English Poems. Translated from the Old English by Constance B. Hieatt (New York: Bantam Books, revised and enlarged 2d edition, 1983); a separate translation appears at

Berger, Phil. Punch Lines (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1993)

Bernal, Martin. "Black Athena,"

Bermann, Richard A. The Mahdi of Allah (New York: Macmillan, 1932); also see critical review at

Bernhardson, Wayne. Chile and Easter Island: A Travel Survival Kit (Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia: Lonely Planet Publications, 1993); see also

----- and María Massolo. Argentina, Uraguay, and Paraguay: A Travel Survival Kit (Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia: Lonely Planet Publications, 1992); see also

Berry, Herbert. The Noble Science: A Study and Transcription of Sloane MS. 2350, Papers of the Masters of Defence of London, Temp Henry VIII to 1590 (Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press, 1991); see also

Berry, Scott. A Stranger in Tibet (London: Flamingo, 1991)

Berthold, Dennis. "Class Acts: The Astor Place Riots and Melville’s ‘The Two Temples’," American Literature, 71:3 (1999),

Berthold, Margot. A History of the World Theater (New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing, 1972)

Bianchi, John. Bluesteel and Gunleather (Temecula, CA: Bianchi International, 2nd edition, 1986)

Bianco, Lucien. Origins of the Chinese Revolution, 1915-1949, translated from the French by Muriel Bell (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1971)

The Bible. For online searchable versions, see (for example),; for general background, see (for example); for background to the New Testament, see (for example); for Dead Sea scrolls, see

Biddle, Cordelia Drexel, as told to Kyle Crichton. My Philadelphia Father (Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Co., 1955)

Bilger, Burkhard. "Enter the Chicken," Harper’s Magazine, March 1999,

Bilson, Frank. Crossbows (New York: Hippocrene Books, 1974)

Bing, Léon. Do or Die (New York: Harper Perennial, 1991)

Bingham, Hiram. Lost City of the Incas: The Story of Machu Picchu and Its Builders (New York: Atheneum, 1982)

Birch, Cyril, editor. Anthology of Chinese Literature from Early Times to the Fourteenth Century (New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1965)

Bird, Christopher. The Divining Hand: The 500-Year-Old Mystery of Dowsing (New York: E. P. Dutton, 1979)

Bishop, Mark. Okinawan Karate: Teachers, Styles, and Secret Techniques (London: A. & C. Black, 1989)

Bishop, Peter and Michael Darton, editors. The Encyclopedia of World Faiths (New York: Facts on File Publications, 1988)

Blades, James. Percussion Instruments and Their History (London: Faber and Faber, revised edition, 1984)

Blifford, Irving H. "Tiny Nukes," Soldier of Fortune, February 1996

Blofeld, John. Taoism: The Road to Immortality (Boston: Shambhala, 1985)

Bluming, Jon. "The Beast of Amsterdam,"

-----. "Doing Judo at the Korean Yudo Association,"

-----. Jon Bluming: From Street Punk to 10th Dan (Amsterdam: Jon Bluming, 2000); see also

-----. "Without Spirit Budo Is But an Empty Shell," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 7:2 (1998)

Blundell, John W. F. The Muscles and their Story, from the Earliest Times; including the whole text of Mercurialis, and the opinions of other writers ancient and modern, on mental and bodily development (London: Chapman & Hall, 1864)

Blythe, Wilfred. The Impact of Chinese Secret Societies in Malaya: A Historical Study (London: Oxford University Press, 1969)

Boahen, A. Adu. "The Caravan Trade in the Nineteenth Century," Journal of African History, 3:2, 1962

-----. Topics in West African History (London: Longman, 1966)

Boal, Sam. "Big Boom in the Grunt and Groan Business," New York Times Magazine, November 20, 1949

Bodanis, David. The Body Book: A Fantastic Voyage to the World Within (Boston: Little, Brown, 1984)

Bodin, Lynn E. and Chris Warner. The Boxer Rebellion (London: Osprey Publishing, 1979)

Bohannan, Paul, editor. Law and Warfare: Studies in the Anthropology of Conflict (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 4th reprint, 1990)

----- and Philip Curtin. Africa and Africans (Garden City, NY: Natural History Press, 1971)

Boorstin, Daniel J. The Discoverers: A History of Man’s Search to Know His World and Himself (New York: Random House, 1983)

Booth, Martin. The Triads: The Growing Global Threat from the Chinese Secret Societies (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1990)

Bottomley, Ian and Anthony Hopson. Arms & Armour of the Samurai (New York: Crescent Books, 1988)

Boulding, Elise. The Underside of History: A View of Women through Time (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1976)

Bowen, Richard. "Further Lessons in Baritsu," The Ritual (Bi-annual Review of the Northern Musgraves Sherlock Holmes Society), 20, Autumn 1997

-----. "History,"

-----. "Origins of the British Judo Association, the European Judo Union, and the International Judo Federation." Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 8:3, 1999;

Bower, Donald E. Sex Espionage (New York: Knightsbridge Publishing, 1991)

Bowers, Franklin. Theatre in the East (New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1956)

Bowers, John Z. and Elizabeth F. Purcell, editors. Aspects of the History of Medicine in Latin America (New York: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, 1979)

Bowman, John S., editor. The World Almanac of the Vietnam War (New York: Bison Books, 1986)

Boyer, Carl B. A History of Mathematics, revised by Uta C. Merzbach (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2nd edition, 1991)

Bradford, William. Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 (New York: Modern Library, 1981);

Bradley, Keith R. Slavery and Rebellion in the Roman World, 140 B.C. - 70 B.C. (Bloomington, IN: University of Indiana Press, 1989); see also

Brafford, C. J. and Laine Thom. Dancing Colors: Paths of Native American Women (San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, 1992)

Brailsford, Dennis. "Morals and Maulers: The Ethics of Early Pugilism," Journal of Sport History, 12:2, Summer 1985,

Brander, Michael. Hunting & Shooting from Earliest Times to the Present Day (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1971)

Brau, Jean-Louis, Helen Weaver, and Allan Edmands. Larousse Encyclopedia of Astrology (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1980)

Braun, D. Lee. Trapshooting (New York: Benjamin, 1969)

Brecher, Edward M. and the Editors of Consumer Reports. Licit and Illicit Drugs (Boston: Little, Brown, 1972)

Bremmer, Jan and Herman Roodenburg, editors. A Cultural History of Gesture (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992)

Bresler, Fenton. The Chinese Mafia (London: Hamlyn Publishing Group, 1980)

Brett, Michael. "Ifriqiya as a market for Saharan trade from the tenth to the twelfth century A. D.," Journal of African History, 10:3, 1969

-----. "Problems in the interpretation of the history of the Maghrib in the light of some recent publications," Journal of African History, 13:3, 1972

Brewster, David and David M. Buerge, editors. Washingtonians (Seattle: Sasquatch Books, 1989)

Brockhaus Enzyklopädie (Wiesbaden: F. A. Brockhaus, 1973)

Brodie, Bernard and Fawn M. Brodie. From Crossbow to H-Bomb: The Evolution of the Weapons and Tactics of Warfare (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, revised edition, 1973)

Brøgger, A.W. and Haakon Shetelig. The Viking Ships (New York: Twayne Publishers, 1971)

Bromberg, Lester. Boxing’s Unforgettable Fights (New York: Ronald Press, 1962)

Bronowski, Jacob. Magic, Science, and Civilization (New York: Columbia University Press, 1978)

Brooke, George M. Jr. John M. Brooke’s Pacific Cruise and Japanese Adventure, 1858-1860 (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 1986)

Brosnahan, Tom. Guatemala, Belize, and Yucatán -- La Ruta Maya: A Travel Survival Kit (Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia: Lonely Planet Pubications, 1994); see also

-----. Turkey: A Travel Survival Kit (Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia: Lonely Planet Publications, 1990); see also

Brown, Dee. Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee (New York: Bantam Books, 1979)

Brown, John W. "Final Report to the University of Wisconsin Athletic Board to the Faculty Concerning Boxing as a Collegiate Sport," University of Wisconsin Medical School, Department of Preventive Medicine and Student Health, and Consultants, Document 1066, January 5, 1953

Brown, P. R. L. "Religious Dissent in Later Roman Empire: North Africa," History, 46:157, June 1961

Brownlee, John S. Japanese Historians and the National Myths, 1600-1945: The Age of the Gods and Emperor Jinmu (Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press, 1997)

Bryant, Anthony J. and Angus McBride. Early Samurai 200-1500 AD (London: Osprey Publishing, 1991); see also

Brzezinski, Richard and Angus McBride. Polish Armies 1569-1696 1 (London: Osprey Publishing, 1987)

Bull, Stephen. An Historical Guide to Arms & Armor, edited by Tony North (New York: Facts on File, 1991)

Bulliet, Richard W. The Camel and the Wheel (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1977)

Bunson, Margaret. The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt (New York: Facts on File, 1991)

Burdick, Dakin. "People and Events of Taekwondo’s Formative Years," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 6:1, 1997; for an updated version, see

Burgess, William H. III. "The Real Rules of Discipline of Major Robert Rogers and the Rangers," Infantry, July-August 1993

Burke, John. Buffalo Bill: The Noblest Whiteskin (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1973)

Burke, Peter. Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe (New York: New York University Press, 1978)

Burman, Bina Roy. Religion and Politics in Tibet (New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House, 1979)

Burrill, Bob. Who’s Who in Boxing (New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1974)

Burroughs, Chuck. Come Out Fighting: True Fight Tales for Fight Fans (Albert City, IA: Appeal Publishing, 1977)

Burton, Richard F. The Book of the Sword (New York: Dover Publications, 1987); see also

-----. A Complete System of Bayonet Exercise (London: William Clowes & Sons, 1853)

-----. The Sentiment of the Sword: A Country-house Dialogue (London: Horace Cox, 1911); reprinted at

-----. Wanderings in West Africa (New York: Dover Publications, 1991)

Buruma, Ian. Behind the Mask (New York: Pantheon Books, 1984)

Butler, E. M. The Myth of the Magus (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1979)

Butts, Edmund L. "Soldierly Bearing, Health and Athletics," Outing, 63, October 1903 to March 1904

Caffrey, Matthew. "Toward a History Based Doctrine for Wargaming," Aerospace Power Chronicles,

Cahn, Susan K. Coming on Strong: Gender and Sexuality in Twentieth-Century Women’s Sport (New York: The Free Press, 1994)

Calder, Ritchie. The Evolution of the Machine (New York: American Heritage Publishing, 1968)

Calvin, William H. The Ascent of Mind: Ice Age Climates and the Evolution of Intelligence (New York: Bantam Books, 1990); selections appear at

Cammell, Charles Richard. "Early Books of the Sword, No. I -- Italian, Spanish, & French," The Connoisseur, 97, February 1936

-----. "Early Books of the Sword, No. II -- German, Dutch & Swedish," The Connoisseur, 97, April 1936

-----. "Early Books of the Sword, No. III -- English and Scottish," The Connoisseur, 97, June 1936

Camphausen, Rufus C. Encyclopedia of Erotic Wisdom (Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions International, 1991)

Canzonieri, Salvatore. "Moslem Influence on Traditional Chinese Martial Arts," Qigong Wushu Kung Fu, June-July 1996, reprinted at

Capener, Steve. "Problems in the Identity and Philosophy of T’aegwondo and Their Historical Causes,"

"Capoeira," New Yorker, May 15, 1989

Carlson, Lewis H. and John J. Fogarty. Tales of Gold (Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1987)

Carlson, Roy L., editor. Indian Art Traditions of the Northwest Coast (Burnaby, BC, Canada: Simon Fraser University, 1976)

Carr, Jess. The Second Oldest Profession: An Informal History of Moonshining in America (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1972)

Carr, Kevin Gray. "Making Way: War, Philosophy, and Sport in Japanese Judo," Journal of Sport History, 20:2 (Summer 1993)

Caranza, Hieronimo de. The treatise of the Philosophy of Arms and of the true Skill and of the aggression and defense of Christianity, translated from the Spanish by Cindy Koepp; reprinted at

Carradine, David. Spirit of Shaolin (Sydney, Australia: Random House Australia, 1991)

Carroll, Edward J. Jr. "Punch-Drunk," American Journal of Medical Science, 191, May 1936

Carroll, Scott T. "Wrestling in Ancient Nubia," Journal of Sport History, 15:2, Summer 1988,

Carter, John Marshall. Medieval Games: Sports and Recreations in Feudal Society (New York: Greenwood Press, 1992)

Cary, Diana Serra. "Failed First Step toward Mexican Independence," Military History, 17:4 (October 2000),

Cassidy, William L. "The Art of Silent Killing, WWII British Commando Style," Soldier of Fortune, July 1979; reprinted at

-----. "Fairbairn in Shanghai," Soldier of Fortune, September 1979

Note: The same author has also written articles called "The Applegate ‘Fairbairn’ Fighting Knife," "A Brief History of the Fairbairn-Sykes Fighting Knife," and "The Fairbairn Manual of Knife Fighting," but they were no longer available online last time I checked.

Cassin-Scott, Jack. The Greek and Persian Wars 500-323 BC (London: Osprey Publishing, 1977)

Castaneda, Carlos. Tales of Power (New York: Pocket Books, 1974)

-----. The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1968)

The Catholic Encyclopedia

Caudill, Harry M. Night Comes to the Cumberlands: A Biography of a Depressed Area (Boston: Little, Brown, 1963)

Cavendish, Richard. The Black Arts (London: Pan Books, 1977)

Cayleff, Susan E. Babe: The Life and Legend of Babe Didrikson Zaharias (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1995); see also

Center for Army Lessons Learned. "Force Protection (Safety)," U. S. Army Combined Arms Command, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 93-9, December 1993

Cernenko, E. V., Angus McBride, and M. V. Gorelik. The Scythians 700-300 BC (London: Osprey Publishing, 1983)

Chaitow, Leon. The Acupuncture Treatment of Pain (Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press, 1990)

Chambers, David. "TENKI Karate Uniforms," Dragon Times, volume III, 1994

Chambers, E. K. The Mediaeval Stage, volume I (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1903)

Chan, Charis. Imperial China (London: Penguin Books, 1992)

Chandler, David, John Gill, Tania Guha, and Gilane Tawadros, editors. Boxer (London: MIT Press, 1996)

Channon, James B. The First Earth Battalion: Ideas and Ideals for Soldiers Everywhere (Fort Monroe, VA: United States Army Training and Doctrine Command, 1979);

Chant, Christopher, editor. How Weapons Work (London: Marshall Cavendish Publications, 1976)

Chapman, Mike. Encyclopedia of American Wrestling (Champaign, IL: Leisure Press, 1990)

-----. A History of Wrestling in Iowa (Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa, 1981)

-----. The Toughest Men in Sports: Looking for the Mental Edge (New York: Leisure Press, 1984)

----- and William Hein. "Frank Gotch," unpublished manuscript, 1990; for a less breathless look at Gotch, see

Chartrand, René and Francis Back. Louis XIV’s Army (London: Osprey Publishing, 1988)

Chattopadhyay, Aparna. "Martial Life of Brâhmanas in Early Medieval India as Known from the Katâsaritsâgara," Journal of the Oriental Institute Baroda, 16, September 1966-June 1967

Cheavens, Suzanne, with Marta Zmoira. "Hemp is too good to be true. Let it grow," Mountainfreak, 9 (Summer 1999)

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-----. Wushu among Chinese Moslems (Beijing: China Sports, 1984); see also and

Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Disaster! When Nature Strikes Back (New York: Bantam Books, 1978)

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-----. "World Sitrep," Soldier of Fortune, September 1991

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-----. Muscletown USA: Bob Hoffman and the Manly Culture of York Barbell (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999); see also

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-----. Burton: A Biography of Sir Richard Francis Burton (New York: Viking, 1988)

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Frazier, Joe with Phil Berger. Smokin’ Joe (New York: Macmillan, 1996)

Frederic, Louis. A Dictionary of the Martial Arts, translated from the French and edited by Paul Crompton (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1991)

Freeman, Lucy and Alma Bond. America’s First Woman Warrior: The Courage of Deborah Sampson (New York: Paragon Books, 1992); see also

Freidel, David, Linda Schele, and Joy Parker. Maya Cosmos: Three Thousand Years of the Shaman’s Path (New York: William Morrow, 1993)

Frey, Sylvia R. The British Soldier in America (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1981)

Friday, Karl F. "Bushidó or Bull? A Medieval Historian’s Perspective on the Imperial Army and the Japanese Warrior Tradition," The History Teacher, 27:3, May 1994. Reprinted at InYo: The Journal of Alternative Perspectives,

-----. Hired Swords: The Rise of Private Warrior Power in Early Japan (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1992)

Fried, Ronald K. Corner Men: Great Boxing Trainers (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1991)

Friedman, Lawrence M. Crime and Punishment in American History (New York: Basic Books, 1993)

Friman, H. Richard. "Blinded by the Light: Politics and Profit in the Martial Arts," Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 5:3, 1996

Frisen, Roy. "Revival of Ancient Sports," Paradise of the Pacific, Christmas Edition, 1935

Froissart, Jean. Chronicles, translated from the Latin and edited by Geoffrey Brereton (Harmondsworth, Middlesex, UK: Penguin Books, 1985); a different translation appears at

Frosch, Jesse Frank. "Anatomy of a Massacre," Playboy, no date (in Graham Noble collection)

Fullard-Leo, Betty. "Lua: A Fighting Chance,"

Fulton, John. Bullfighting (New York: The Dial Press, 1971)

Funakoshi, Gichen. Karate-Do Kyohan: The Master Text, translated from the Japanese by Tsutomu Ohshima (New York: Kodansha International, 1980)

-----. Karate-Do: My Way of Life (New York: Kodansha International, 1986)

-----. Karate-Do Nyumon: The Introductory Text, translated from the Japanese by John Teramoto (New York: Kodansha International, 1988)

Furniss, Harold, editor. Famous Fights Past and Present, various volumes

Fussell, Paul. The Great War and Modern Memory (New York: Oxford University Press, 1975)

-----. Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989)

Kronos 2005